Can you bring pepper spray on a plane?

Can you bring pepper spray on a plane?

Pepper Spray - Can you bring pepper spray on a plane?

Can you bring pepper spray on a plane? If so, can you take it in your checked baggage or carry-on luggage? This is a question that many people have when they are traveling.

The answer depends on the airline and how much pepper spray you want to bring. In this article, we will go over ways to travel with pepper spray, as well as some airlines that allow it for either carry-on or checked bags.

One four-ounce container of mace or pepper spray can be brought onto a plane in checked baggage, according to the TSA. But, it has to have a safety lock that prevents spilling. Pepper spray containing more than 2% tear gas is not allowed on checked baggage or carry-ons.

Check with your airline’s website before you bring pepper spray on a plane. The restrictions may vary depending on the airline.

Can you fly with pepper spray in your carry-on?

No, you cannot carry pepper spray on a plane. It’s best to leave your pepper spray home. You might be thinking: what if I am carrying the pepper spray for self-defense? That’s fine, but the TSA can’t take your word for it. Pepper spray can be used as a weapon too.

A high-profile organization like the TSA can’t take any risks when it comes to bringing potential weapons on planes.

Four ounces of pepper spray can be brought in your checked baggage, but it must contain 2% tear gas or less. Many travelers don’t know that they can’t carry pepper spray on board, and they have to leave it behind.

When the TSA confiscates pepper spray, travelers have a few options.

1) Give the pepper spray to the TSA agents.

2) Return the pepper spray to your car.

3) Give it to someone who is not traveling.

4) Put it in your checked baggage.

Note: In some states, it’s illegal to carry pepper spray under certain conditions. Do some research beforehand to make sure that you are traveling to a state where it’s allowed.

If pepper spray is accidentally sprayed on a commercial plane, this can be dangerous for passengers and may lead to an emergency landing in some cases.

Pepper Spray Travel Size

People Boarding Plane

According to the TSA, you can pack one four ounce (118 ml) container of pepper spray in your checked baggage.

Can you take pepper spray abroad?

For international travel, one four ounce container of pepper spray is allowed in checked baggage. International travel follows the same TSA guidelines as travel within the USA. Pepper spray is not allowed in carry on bags under any circumstances.

Is it illegal to carry pepper spray?

You can carry pepper spray in all 50 states and Washington D.C. But many states have restrictions, which include the following:

  • Age (must be at least 18 years old)
  • The concentration of pepper spray
  • Size of the container
  • Criminal history – convicted felons cannot carry pepper spray

Pepper spray laws vary by state, and you can check out a complete breakdown of the regulations at this link.

What self defense weapons can you bring on a plane?

Here is a list of the most common self-defense weapons and their TSA rules and regulations.

1) Bear spray – not allowed on the plane or in checked baggage. Most animal repellents have more than 2% concentration of tear gas, which the TSA prohibits in checked baggage and on the plane.

2) Black jacks (self defense weapons) – not allowed on the plane, but allowed in checked baggage

3) Body armor – allowed on the plane and in checked baggage

4) Brass knuckles – cannot be carried on the plane, but can be brought in checked luggage

5) Pocket knife – not allowed on the plane, but allowed in carry-on luggage. Sharp objects are typically not allowed on the plane for the passengers’ safety.

6) Stun guns, tasers, and other shocking devices – not allowed on the plane. You can bring them on checked baggage, but they must not have lithium batteries. Stun guns also must be secured so that they can’t be accidentally turned on en route to your destination.

7) Swiss army knife – not allowed on the plane, permitted in checked baggage

8) Tear gas – not allowed on the plane or in checked baggage

Can you bring pepper spray on a plane? Looking at the Major Airlines

Inside of crowded plane

In visiting each airline’s website, none of the major airlines allow pepper spray or other similar sprays on their planes.

Concerning checked baggage, none of the websites appear to mention TSA’s specific regulation which allows one four-ounce container in your checked luggage.

So, it might be best to call the airline beforehand to clarify. But here’s a quick summary of the pepper spray regulations for the major airlines.

Can you bring pepper spray on a plane American Airlines?

American Airlines does not allow mace, tear gas, or pepper spray in checked bags or carry-on bags. One four-ounce container is allowed in checked baggage per TSA’s guidelines.

Can you bring pepper spray on a Southwest Airlines plane?

Southwest Airlines does not allow self-defense sprays of any kind on flights.

Can you bring pepper spray on a United plane?

United Airlines does not allow mace, pepper spray, or tear gas on a plane or in checked baggage. One four-ounce container is allowed in checked baggage per TSA’s guidelines.

Can you bring pepper spray on a Delta plane?

Mace, pepper spray, bear spray, or tear gas are not allowed on a Delta plane at any time. One four-ounce container is allowed in checked baggage per TSA’s guidelines.

Can you take pepper spray on an Alaska Airlines plane?

Alaska Airlines allows a single four-ounce container of pepper spray in your checked baggage, according to the TSA’s regulations. Like the other airlines, pepper spray, mace, or other self-defense sprays are never allowed on a plane.

Can you take pepper spray on a plane to Mexico?

Traveling with pepper spray depends on the airline’s regulations, not where you are traveling.

Generally, airlines do not allow pepper spray in carry-on luggage since it can be used as a weapon. But most airlines allow them in checked baggage.

Be sure to check on the airline’s website to make sure you can travel with pepper spray.

Once you get to your destination, the question is: is it legal to carry pepper spray? In Mexico, carrying pepper spray is legal if you’re 18 and not a convicted felon.

In America, some states restrict the use of pepper spray depending on the container’s size, concentration, the person’s age, and criminal history.

Does mace explode on a plane?

Pepper spray, mace, and other self-defense sprays will not spontaneously explode under normal conditions.

If a fire starts in the airplane cabin, the extreme heat may cause the mace to explode. Mace could also explode if it is punctured with a large object. But the chances of mace exploding on a plane are incredibly low.

How to Travel with Pepper Spray

Inside of plane at night time

Airlines across the board do not allow pepper spray in carry-on baggage. The TSA allows one four-ounce container in checked baggage, but not all airlines allow pepper spray in checked baggage.

Here are a few things you can do before traveling with pepper spray to make your experience smooth.

  • Double-check pepper spray requirements on your airline’s website.
  • Keep pepper spray out of your carry-on luggage or your pockets while going through airport security. The TSA will confiscate it or ask you to put it in your checked baggage.
  • Make sure that it’s legal to carry pepper spray where you are traveling. You don’t want to get to your destination and then realize that you aren’t allowed to carry your pepper spray. Convicted felons and people under 18 years of age are not allowed to carry pepper spray in several states.
  • Make sure that your pepper spray contains less than 2% of tear gas. This is the maximum amount of tear gas allowed in checked baggage according to the TSA.

Best Pepper Sprays for Self Defense

SABRE RED Pepper Spray Keychain with Quick Release for Easy Access

Have you seen the new SABRE Pepper Spray? The company is trustworthy and effective, trusted by police departments around the world.

This spray has a 4-year shelf life–twice as long as other brands! It offers maximum stopping power at a safe distance of up to 10 feet (3 meters).

Plus it’s easy to access in stressful situations with an on/off keyring that can release your bottle quickly for use anytime. You’ll also receive free training videos so you’re well-prepped before looking into this purchase.

Check out the SABRE RED Pepper Spray on Amazon below.

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POM Pepper Spray Flip Top Pocket Clip – Maximum Strength OC Spray for Self Defense

The POM clear line of pepper spray is made with one of the strongest formulas on the market.

It offers a high accuracy, powerful stream spray pattern, and flip-top mechanism for easy deployment that prevents accidental misfire.

The band allows you to personalize your unit with up to 10 colors, making it perfect whether as a gift or everyday carry item. This next-generation pepper spray can provide peace of mind by staying safe when out in public!

POM is truly the perfect gift for someone looking to stay safe. Check out the POM Pepper Spray from Amazon below.

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Vexor Pepper Spray w/ Belt Clip for Self-Defense – 3 Pack

With a belt clip and the ability to shoot from any angle, this canister is perfect for carrying in your pocket. Its powerful 4-year shelf life means you’ll always be prepared with some defense against attackers.

And if that’s not enough protection, it has a 20-foot spray range, so nobody will get within arms’ reach of your body without feeling the heat!

Also, if you’re looking for protection with 360-degree coverage this canister has it all. The VEXOR line of pepper sprays has 35 years of a proven track record to ensure your safety in a dire situation.

Learn more about the VEXOR Pepper Spray at the Amazon button below.

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That wraps up our article ‘Can you bring pepper spray on a plane?’ We hope you learned more about the rules and regulations when it comes to self-defense sprays and weapons.

So, are you ready to travel?

If not, check out more of our ‘Can I bring?’ articles below!

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Do planes have speed limits?

Do planes have speed limits?

Swiss plane taking off

Under certain conditions, planes have speed limits.

  1. All aircraft must remain under 250 knots (288 miles per hour) while below 10,000 feet.
  2. At or above 2,500 feet, the conditions change a little. If you are at or above 2,500 feet and within four nautical miles of an airport with Class C or D planes, you cannot fly more than 200 knots (230 miles per hour).
  3. If the aircraft’s minimum speed is greater than 200 or 250 knots, the aircraft can run at that minimum speed without penalty.
  4. Noone can fly a plane over a Class B airport or fly in a VFR corridor in Class B airspace at a speed of 200 knots (230 miles per hour) or more. A VFR corridor is an area where planes can fly without communication with air traffic control.
  5. When commercial planes taxi between gates and runways, they must be at a max speed of 20 knots (23 miles per hour) and 10 to 15 miles per hour on turns.

Above 10,000 feet, there are no speed limits or regulations. Most commercial planes fly at a cruising altitude of about 35,000 feet, so they are not subject to a speed limit. However, they cannot simply go as fast as they want. Pilots must abide by the maximum safe speed outlined by the aircraft manufacturer.

Further, to remain fuel efficient, planes should ideally stay at their cruising speed. Cruising speed is approximately 500 to 550 miles per hour for most commercial aircraft. Jets tend to be faster and can have cruising speeds up to about 650 miles per hour.

On today’s aircraft, some pilots follow a cost index which tells them how fast to go to maintain maximum fuel-efficiency. Staying fuel-efficient is better for the environment and it allows airlines to charge their passengers reasonable fares, among other benefits. Learn more here.

Do private jets have speed limits?

Jet plane - Do planes have speed limits?

Above 10,000 feet, private jets don’t have any speed limit. Below 10,000 feet, all aircraft, including jets, must stay below 250 knots or 288 miles per hour.

The main benefit of private jets is that you can get to your destination faster than flying commercial. Private jets’ cruising speed is around 600 to 650 miles per hour, 50 to 100 miles faster than commercial aircraft.

Looking out a plane window on a runway

Do helicopters have speed limits?


The vast majority of helicopters can achieve a maximum speed of about 250 miles per hour due to their design and the behavior of propellers. There are only two helicopters that have achieved higher speeds, the Sikorsky X2 and Eurocopter X3. These planes flew at 299 miles per hour and 293 miles per hour respectively.

Explaining helicopter speed limits gets a little complicated, but check out the video below if you’d like to learn more. Then keep reading for a quick explanation of why helicopters can’t eclipse the 300 mph mark.

Let’s walk through how a plane moves, step by step.

For a plane to rise, its lift must be greater than the weight of the helicopter.

Once it reaches cruising altitude, it can hover when lift equals the weight of the helicopter.

Then the next step for the helicopter is to go forward, which requires some amount of forward thrust.

To do this, the rotor disc must be angled forward or downward. Then some of that lift will be translated to thrust and the plane will move forward.

The rotor disc is a combination of a plane’s blades and parts that help it to move forward. Some planes have two rotors, and some have a tail rotor as well.

But, looking at a plane’s blades from above, there is a problem. Let’s say the blades are moving counterclockwise. This means that the top half of the blades are moving in the direction of travel, while the bottom half are moving away from the direction of travel.

But blades generate lift based on how fast they rotate through the air. Now you might see the problem.

The area of the blades that is moving with the direction of travel will generate more lift, while the area that is moving away, or “retreating,” wants to hold the plane back. It’s not generating as much lift.

This phenomenon is called “retreating blade stall.” The retreating blade moves slower and therefore generates less lift than the forward blade. The steeper the angle of the plane (known as the angle of attack), the more lift the forward blade will generate, and the less lift the retreating blade will generate. This limits the maximum speed a helicopter can go.

Helicopters can help compensate for retreating blade stall thanks to the rotor, which allows them to increase their angle of attack as the blade rotates. 

So, as the helicopter increases its speed, the forward blade lowers its angle of attack and the retreating blade increases the angle of attack. This helps balance out the amount of lift that the blades generate, allowing the helicopter to go faster.

However, the angle of attack can only be increased for so long. Eventually, it reaches a point where flow separation occurs. At this point, the helicopter produces less lift. So, it no longer can increase its speed.

To eliminate this problem entirely, planes can have two blades, one that provides lift in one direction, and one that provides lift in the opposite direction. The next limit or barrier for planes is the speed of sound, but we’ll get to that in another article.

Hopefully this quick explanation helped you understand how helicopter speed limits work. If you would like a little more information, check out the above video.

What are the fastest helicopters?

  1. Eurocopter X3 – 293 MPH (2013)
  2. Sikorsky X2 – 288 MPH (2010)
  3. Westland Lynx – 249 MPH (1986)

The Westland Lynx was truly ahead of its time, as its speed record would take over 30 years to break. Eventually two military helicopters in the early 2000s, the Eurocopter X3 and Sikorsky X2, broke the Lynx’s record.

What is the slowest speed a plane can fly?

Planes must move at a speed where enough air passes over the wings to generate lift. To stay in the air, commercial planes need to fly at between 150 and 180 miles per hour.  This speed is called stall speed.

Technically, vertical takeoff and landing aircraft (VTOL), such as helicopters, can fly at 0 miles per hour. This is called hovering.

Planes lined up on a runway

Can airplanes get speeding tickets?

Strictly speaking, no. There are not “tickets” for flying like you might get when you drive your car too fast or get in a wreck.

Pilots can receive violations for breaking federal aviation regulations (FARs).  For example, all aircraft must remain under 250 knots under 10,000 feet. Also, pilots can get a violation if they exceed the maximum safe speed according to the plane’s manufacturer.

In addition, pilots could get in trouble if they disobey air traffic control. But this isn’t black and white. They are allowed to throw some regulations out the window and fly faster than normal in the event of an emergency.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the airplane speed limit above 10,000 feet?

The airplane speed limit above 10,000 feet is 250 knots, or 288 miles per hour. All planes must abide by this regulation.

What is the speed limit in Class C and D airspace?

The speed limit in class C and D airspace is 200 knots (230 miles per hour) if:

  • You are within four nautical miles of a class C or D airport
  • You are 2,500 feet above ground or less

What is the max speed in Class B airspace?

The max speed for class B airspace is 200 knots (230 miles per hour) if:

  • You are within four nautical miles of a class B airport
  • You are 2,500 feet above ground or less

What is the airplane speed in km/h in india?

An airplane in India flies at about the same speed as any airplane: between 500 and 550 miles per hour. Some jets can fly up to 650 miles per hour at cruising altitude.

What is the fastest airplane speed in km/h?

The fastest airplane speed is 2193.2 miles per hour, or Mach 3. This was achieved by the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird. The Lockheed SR-71 was a military aircraft designed for reconnaissance missions. It first flew in 1964 and was retired by the United States Air Force in 1998.

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Can I bring a Bluetooth speaker on a plane?

Can I bring a Bluetooth speaker on a plane?

Man Holding Bluetooth Speaker

There can be a lot of confusion when it comes to traveling with Bluetooth speakers. Is that even allowed? What are the rules and regulations for bringing one on board? What is the best Bluetooth speaker for travel?

We’ll go over these questions and more so you can make an informed decision about taking your speaker on the plane!

The TSA allows passengers to bring Bluetooth speakers on a plane. You can bring your Bluetooth speaker in your checked luggage or carry-on bag. If your speaker uses a Lithium ion battery, do not pack it in your checked bag. They have a small possibility of catching fire while inside the aircraft. If you’d like, you can remove the batteries from your device and take them with you on the plane.

Most airlines will allow you to use your Bluetooth speakers on a plane. But, you can’t use them during takeoff or landing.

Can you take a portable speaker in your hand luggage?

Yes, you can take a portable speaker in your hand luggage. In fact, we recommend taking your speaker in your carry-on because you can keep close track of it.

After take-off, you can use your speaker if you’d like. But this is not the best etiquette on a plane with other passengers. You’d probably be told to turn it off or turn it down.

Can I bring a JBL speaker on a plane?

Yes, you can bring a JBL speaker on a plane. When you get to airport security, take the speaker out of your luggage and set it into the bin for screening. Do not use your JBL speaker on the plane during takeoff or landing.

Some airlines have different policies when it comes to using Bluetooth speakers. If you’re in doubt, ask the flight attendant about the regulations. Or, before flying, check the airline’s website.

5 Best Bluetooth Speakers for Travel

Bluetooth Speaker on Table

OontZ Angle 3 Bluetooth Portable Speaker

Ditch the old-style speakers that look like a jumbo box, and get crystal clear sound from the OontZ Angle 3. Loud enough to hear at any party or outside event up to 100 feet away; this speaker is perfect for group playlists! With 14 hours of battery life, you can enjoy listening throughout the day without interruption.

The unique triangular design and bass radiator make the sound quality clean and crisp.

IPX5 water-resistant ensures protection from rain and spills, so bring your tunes outside with confidence.

At about 5x3x3 inches, you can carry this splashproof Bluetooth speaker anywhere.

Pair your iPhone, Android or Amazon echo easily with this versatile Bluetooth speaker. Or use the microphone to make quick phone calls too.

Take a look at the OontZ Angle 3 Bluetooth speaker right here from Amazon.

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JBL FLIP 4 – Waterproof Portable Bluetooth Speaker – Black

Introducing the JBL FLIP 4! With this powerful Bluetooth speaker, you can go anywhere!

With the ability to connect two phones or tablets to this speaker, you can take turns playing your favorite music. Everyone will have an interactive experience unlike any other. You can forget about cords dumping from lights in water dishes all too often because this Bluetooth speaker is Ipx7 waterproof! Yes, you can even fully submerge it in water!

Not only that – it comes with a built-in battery that lets you enjoy up to 12 hours of music. And, the 2000mAh amplifier dual external passive radiators are just wow.

Check out this JBL speaker from Amazon by clicking on the button below!

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Anker Soundcore 2 Portable Bluetooth Speaker

Get your tunes going and impress every speaker savant you know with the Anker Soundcore 2 Portable Bluetooth Speaker.

It’s got 12 Watts of pure audio power with enhanced bass so there’s never a need for a filter, all while taking care of those pesky amplifier flaws that cause distortion and listener fatigue.

The IPX7 grade waterproofing means it can withstand any weather condition thrown at it–including outdoor use! And don’t worry about running out of juice because this floating party animal has got 5,200mAh powering it up into the late-night hours.

Get ready for outstanding sound quality from one small device! Check out the Anker Soundcore 2 Bluetooth portable speaker below!

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MusiBaby Bluetooth Speaker

The MusiBaby Bluetooth Speaker is small enough for indoor or outdoor use. At 13 ounces, it’s incredibly lightweight which makes it perfect for travel.

It has a long battery life of 1500 minutes which can keep you entertained outdoors all day if necessary! In addition, this powerful speaker features true 360° Stereo sound with amazing bass!

The dual pairing Wi-fi speakers will connect automatically and they have a long 100 ft range.

IPX5 water resistance keeps water away preserving this little beauty no matter where you are. Just avoid submerging it in water!

With the Musibaby Bluetooth Speaker, turn any event into a bigger, better experience. Check it out on Amazon at the button below.

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Bose Soundlink Color Bluetooth Speaker

The SoundLink speaker is the peak of innovation with Bose technology packing bold sound into this compact, water-resistant speaker.

You can take it anywhere. It weighs just 1.2 pounds so you won’t even know it’s there! The soft silicone exterior makes it easy to grab and go.

It provides up to 8 hours of seamless playtime, which is rechargeable easily with any wireless device USB charger. It has a built-in microphone for taking conference or personal calls out loud.

Check it out by clicking on the button below.

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Bluetooth Speaker Buyer’s Guide

Cylindrical Bluetooth Speaker - JBL

There are seven things to consider before buying your Bluetooth speaker. They include the sound quality, microphone, size of the speaker, battery life, waterproofing, price, and style.

Sound Quality

What are you using your Bluetooth speaker for? If it’s to listen to music or podcasts on a long trip then the sound quality is important.

A good rule of thumb is if you can’t tell what song is playing after listening for a few seconds then the speaker probably isn’t worth it. If the speaker sounds muffled, the quality isn’t too great, either.

Look for a bass radiator and 8-12 Watt drivers to get the best sounding Bluetooth headphones. Some speakers even have dual drivers for twice the power!


Does the Bluetooth speaker have a microphone? This is important if you are using your wireless speaker for hands-free phone calls or Skype video conferences while on the go.

If you’re an avid traveler, find a Bluetooth speaker with a microphone to make chatting on the go convenient.

Size of Speaker

Do you want to pack light and small when traveling, or do you need something that’s a little bit bigger?

Compared to large speakers, most small speakers won’t have great sound quality. But they are much easier to travel with. You can even find some at a pound or less that can fit in your pocket!

Battery Life 

Before you head out on your road trip, make sure your Bluetooth speaker is fully charged! You can find speakers on the market that last anywhere from six hours to 24+ hours! If you’re going on a long trip, look for one with high battery life so you don’t have to worry about keeping it charged.

But if you’re just using it around the house, you won’t need to worry as much about battery life. Just plug it into an outlet and let it charge every night before you go to bed.


Do you want to spend a lot of money on your Bluetooth speakers, or would you prefer to buy something a little more budget-friendly?

Most bluetooth speakers range between $15 and $300. More expensive speakers will have a longer battery life, better sound quality, waterproofing, and long-range Bluetooth connection. They’ll also be a little more durable than a low-end speaker.

To decide how much you need to spend, think about how often you use your speaker. If you use it daily, it’s probably worth it to spend a couple of hundred dollars more for a higher-quality Bluetooth speaker. But if you don’t use it very often, think about getting a lower-priced Bluetooth speaker.

Also, if you’re getting the speaker for a trip, think about where you’re going and how long you’ll be gone. You might want to take your Bluetooth speaker through the city, in the mountains, on the beach…pretty much everywhere you go.

If that’s the case, look for a more durable speaker that’s lightweight but still has that sound quality you love. Yes, this may be more pricey, but it’ll be worth it.

Waterproof and Dustproof

To find a speaker that will last you years, make sure it is waterproof and dustproof. This will keep your speaker in good condition, even if you take it outdoors or enjoy the beach during the summertime.

Even if you’re not going to be around water with your speaker, it can save you money if you accidentally get the speaker wet!

Most Bluetooth speakers are IPX-5 to IPX-7 water resistant. IPX-5 means they can be used in the shower or around the pool, but don’t submerge them in water at all. IPX-7 speakers are more water-resistant than IPX-5s. These speakers can be partially submerged with no damage.


Bluetooth speakers come in many different shapes and sizes, including rectangular, circular and cylindrical. Pick what style you like best, or what style is easiest to transport for you!

Bluetooth speakers also come in a wide variety of colors so pick one that suits you.

That wraps up our buyer’s guide and travel guide on bluetooth speakers.

Remember, you can bring your bluetooth speaker in your carry-on or checked luggage. But, if it has lithium batteries, remove them and take them in your carry-on.

Also, you can use a bluetooth speaker on a plane, but not during takeoff or landing. However, a plane might not be the best environment to blast your favorite tunes. Instead, put on a pair of headphones so you don’t bother others.

Before you get everything packed up for your trip, make sure you can bring it on the plane! Check out our articles below to learn more.

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Can airplanes hover?

Can airplanes hover?

Jet Flying in Sunset - Can airplanes hover?

There are some aircraft that can actually hover! They are called VTOL, or vertical take-off and landing, because they can vertically take off and land. VTOL aircraft do not require a runway to take off.

Another way planes can hover is if they are small enough or in the ultralight class and they face a stiff headwind to keep them in the air. But you can’t guarantee that there will always be a headwind.

Some well-known VTOL aircraft include the Yak 38 and the Harrier family of jets, such as the AV8A, and AV8C.

There are two primary ways airplanes and jets can hover: thrust vectoring or by means of a lift jet.

Thrust vectoring describes a mobile engine that can be manipulated during flight to provide upward or angular thrust. In other words, the jet engine can move to different angles or vectors and engage, propelling the jet in that direction.

Lift jets are jet engines that are angled which results in aerostatic lift. Aerostatic lift is lift achieved without the movement of air over a plane’s wing. It does not require forward momentum to hover the plane.

Jets, unlike helicopters, have fixed wings. Fixed wings mean the wings don’t move; these planes cannot hover on their own. They need the help of thrusters to do so.

Helicopters, on the other hand, have propellers that stabilize the aircraft, which allows them to hover with ease.

In contrast to VTOL aircraft, we have STOL: short takeoff and landing. These planes include the AAC Angel, Boeing YC-14, as well as bigger and wider aircraft built to carry several passengers. Some STOL aircraft can hover, which are known as STOVL: short take-off and vertical landing aircraft. But, most cannot under normal circumstances.

STOL aircraft can only appear to hover if they are flying into wind that’s blowing at the same speed the airplane is flying. This rarely happens naturally.

Can a Harrier jet hover?

Yes, a Harrier jet can hover. In fact, the entire Harrier family of jets can hover. They are vertical take-off and landing aircraft, or VTOL. Harrier jets use thrust vectoring. This means that its engines can twist and turn before engaging to propel the plane in any direction.

Can a Boeing 747 hover?

No, the Boeing 747 cannot hover because it is not a VTOL aircraft. A Boeing 747 can only appear to hover. But, for the Boeing 747 to appear to hover, the wind would have to be strong enough to match its speed. This is not likely, especially during landing or low altitudes where the wind is not as strong.

Can the F-22 hover?

Yes, the F-22 fighter jet can hover, land vertically, and take off vertically. The F-22 is a thrust vectoring aircraft, so it uses mobile engines that propel it in any direction.

Can the F-35 hover?

The F-35 fighter jet, like the F-22, can hover. It is a STOVL aircraft, or short take-off and vertical landing. A STOVL aircraft like the F-35 can clear a 50-foot obstacle with 1,500 feet of runway. It can also take off and land vertically.

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Can I bring a piano keyboard on a plane?

Can I bring a piano keyboard on a plane?

Can I bring a piano keyboard on a plane?

Yes, according to the TSA. But, when you bring a keyboard on a plane or in checked luggage, it must go through x-ray screening in security. If you are carrying the keyboard on a plane, you may be asked to open the case and show its contents. You cannot have any liquids in your instrument case. Airlines have unique carry-on rules and weight limits, so check with your specific airline’s baggage requirements before boarding a plane.

Musicians travel a lot and play their instrument every day, so airlines should accommodate either bringing your instrument on a plane or in checked baggage. But, don’t assume that this is the case. Double-check the airline requirements to save you some headache down the line.

Consider taking the keyboard out of the bag before moving through airport security. This will save you some time scrambling if the TSA agent asks you to open the bag after getting through security.

Delta Carry On Instructions for Piano Keyboards and Musical Instruments

Delta Airlines allows passengers to bring piano keyboards on a plane, as checked baggage, or in their own seat.

To pass checked baggage, the height, width, and length of your instrument must not exceed 150 inches or 381 centimeters. The weight of the case must be 165 pounds (75 kilograms) or less.

If you purchase a ticket to put your keyboard in its own seat, you have to follow several requirements:

  • Must be 165 pounds or less
  • Cannot obscure smoking signs, seatbelt signs, or emergency exits
  • Must be next to the owner or in the same cabin
  • Must contain no dangerous goods

If you want to carry on your piano keyboard, it must fit into the top compartments comfortably. Carry on musical instruments are typically smaller, like guitars, flutes, clarinets, and saxophones. You may be able to carry on small keyboards, but larger ones won’t be able to fit in the overhead compartment.

Southwest Airlines Carry On Instructions for Piano Keyboards and Musical Instruments

Like with Delta Airlines, piano keyboards and musical instruments cannot be carried on via checked luggage if the length, width, and height exceed 150 inches. Also, the weight of the instrument including the case must be 165 pounds or less.

At Southwest, the max size of carry on items is 10″x16″x24″. If your keyboard or musical instrument is larger than this, however, you can still carry it on board. The instrument must fit in the overhead bin and there must be space for it when you come on board.

Southwest also allows passengers to purchase a seat for their piano keyboard or musical instrument under a few conditions:

  • The musical instrument must be in the first row of the cabin
  • The musical instrument must be as close to the window as possible
  • You must purchase a ticket in advance and reserve a seat for the instrument. Free seating or promotions do not apply to seats for musical instruments. They must be paid for in full.
  • The musical instrument cannot block seatbelt, smoking, or warning signage.
  • The musical instrument cannot block emergency exits.

Note: Southwest is not liable for damage to musical instruments stored in a soft or flimsy case.

American Airlines Carry On Instructions for Piano Keyboards and Musical Instruments

At American Airlines, your piano keyboard can be carried on or checked in. The piano keyboard must fit under the seat in front of you or in the overhead bin. Chances are your keyboard won’t fit under the seat, so you’ll have to find space in the overhead compartment.

Like the other airlines, you can purchase a seat for your instrument if it doesn’t fit under the seat or in the overhead compartment. You can purchase a seat if:

  • It costs the same as an adult seat
  • It is not in an emergency exit row
  • It is next to you

Like with Delta Airlines and Southwest, you can transport your musical instrument via checked luggage.

Size requirement: 150 inches or less (length + width + height)

Weight requirement: 165 pounds or less

Note: American Airlines is only liable for damage to your instrument if its in a hard sided case and the damage is visible. Pack your instrument in a hard sided case to save you a potential headache in the future.

United Airlines Carry On Instructions for Piano Keyboards and Musical Instruments

United Airlines recommends that passengers pack their piano keyboards and musical instruments in a hard case. You can carry on your musical instrument if it is small enough to fit under the seat or in the overhead bin. A standard 61 key keyboard will probably need an additional seat.

You can check your instrument in as checked baggage but you may be charged if:

  • Your instrument is between 63-115 inches (length + width + height)
  • Your instrument is 50+ pounds
  • You’re checking in two items or more.

Tips for Flying with a Piano Keyboard as a Carry On

Invest in a hard carrying case.

Airlines won’t typically require you to pack your instrument in a hard case. But, many won’t cover damage to the instrument if it’s in a soft case.

Also, if you travel often, a hard case is pretty much essential. The instrument will move around and come into contact with other luggage, but a hard case will prevent most damage. Hard cases are significantly more expensive than soft cases. Most hard cases are around $200 – $300 for 61 key keyboards and $300 or more for 88 key keyboards.

So if you don’t travel often, a soft case with durable materials will work well for you.

Note: Most piano keyboards will likely need to be checked luggage, not carried on, due to their size. So it’s even more important to invest in a durable case.

Pack a separate soft case for easier travel once you’re at your destination.

Pack your instrument in a hard case for travel and put your soft instrument case in your checked luggage. That way, when you arrive at your destination, you don’t have to carry around your instrument in a bulky hard case. It’ll make travel much easier.

Read up on your airline’s carry-on rules and regulations.

Major airlines’ requirements are pretty standardized in terms of size and weight limits for carry-on musical instruments. Most airlines allow musical instruments to be carried on the plane or as checked luggage. But some rules and regulations may vary, especially cost.

So, be sure to research your airline’s carry-on rules before arriving at the airport with your piano keyboard or musical instrument.

Weigh your keyboard before getting to the airport.

Most major airlines have a weight limit for checked luggage at 165 pounds. Carry on weight limits vary but they tend to be around 50 pounds. Weigh your keyboard in advance so you can figure out if its eligible to carry on.

Consider shipping your instrument instead of carrying it on a plane.

If you can’t carry your instrument on board, you might consider shipping it to the destination. Whether you ship or transport your instrument as checked luggage, you run the risk of damage en route to your destination. But, if you choose a reliable company to ship your instrument at an affordable rate, like FedEx, this may be a good option for you.

Bring accessories like an amp, keyboard stand, cables, and whatever else you need.

You don’t want to have to buy new accessories for your keyboard when you arrive at your destination. Be sure to bring all the accessories you need to power and play your instrument.

Don’t pack liquids in your case. They won’t make it past TSA.

With a piano keyboard, you’re not dealing with liquids. That being said, don’t put any liquids in your case. TSA agents will ask you to empty the liquid before boarding the plane.

Put some fragile stickers on your keyboard case.

Fragile stickers are not required, but it’s highly recommended for piano keyboards or other fragile instruments. Most piano keyboards will have soft side cases, but you can pick a case with durable materials to keep your instrument protected.

Best Piano Keyboard Cases

The most popular keyboard cases are softside which are not as durable as hardside cases. But the soft cases are built with durable fabric and padding that will keep your keyboard protected from damage during travel.

Check out these three soft cases and a hard case for your piano keyboard.

The QEES 61 Key Keyboard Case is a durable and portable case for your piano keyboard. Made of 600D oxford fabric, the case is heavily padded to keep your keyboard nicely protected. The front pocket has enough room for music pedals, books, cables, and other accessories.

The bag is exceptionally lightweight at just 8.8 ounces or about half a pound. This makes it incredibly easy to carry through the airport, on a plane, and to gigs and performances once you’ve arrived at your destination.

Check out the QEES 61 Key Keyboard Case at the Amazon button below.

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This 61 Key Piano Keyboard Case padded with 5 mm of dense fabric to keep your keyboard in place while you’re on the go. The outer material on the case is durable Oxford fabric that is waterproof and dustproof. It’s resistant to spills and keeps dirt and debris out.

The adjustable shoulder strap makes for comfortable travel. You can fit everything you need with your keyboard in the case itself. Toss your pedal and cables in the front accessory pocket, making transport easy.

Check out this 61 key piano keyboard case at the button below.

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The Donner 61 key keyboard case is heavy duty and lightweight. At just two and a half pounds, you won’t have trouble carrying this case around with your keyboard. It’s made of a durable 600D Oxford fabric. Also, the inside is coated with 10mm of padding to ensure your keyboard is safe and sound.

The zippers are durable so you won’t have to worry about them breaking just a few days after your purchase. The comfortable shoulder strap makes traveling with your keyboard hassle-free.

Like the case above, this one is waterproof and dustproof, which makes it so easy to clean.

Purchase your 61 key Donner keyboard case at the Amazon link below.

Check Price and Reviews on Amazon

Piano Keyboard Cases Buyer’s Guide

What material is your case made of?

Look for durable 600D or 900D fabric, a case with 5-10mm of interior padding or more, or invest in a hard carrying case. 600D measures the thickness of the fabric used to make your piano keyboard case. The higher the number, the thicker the fabric.

Thicker fabric will help keep your keyboard safe when you move it around in the airport and in transit.

Is it waterproof and dustproof?

Waterproof and dustproof cases make the outside of your piano keyboard case easy to clean. Not only that, but they lock out dust and water from entering the case and damaging your keyboard. So, look for a waterproof and dustproof case when shopping.

Does your keyboard fit?

Keyboards come in many different sizes. The most common keyboards are 88 keys (a full grand piano) or 61 keys. Also common are 49 key and 76 key keyboards.

Make sure to purchase a piano keyboard that fits the size that you own. If your keyboard has 61 keys, look for a 61 key keyboard.

Is there enough room in the side compartments?

Most keyboards have side compartments to store accessories like cables, pedals, chargers, and the like. Make sure your piano keyboard case has enough room to store what you need to bring before you pull the trigger.

How durable are the zippers and straps?

Durable zippers and shoulder straps are always a plus. If you travel often, then this is even more important. You don’t want to buy your keyboard and have the straps or zippers break just a few weeks later.

Are the shoulder straps adjustable?

An adjustable shoulder strap ensures that you travel with your piano keyboard case comfortably. Most shoulder straps are universal. But if you’re pretty short or tall, make sure that your shoulder strap can adjust.

Most piano keyboard cases today have adjustable shoulder straps, but read the product description and look at pictures to make sure.

What is the warranty?

No product is perfect. It’s important for you to know if you can return a piano keyboard case if something breaks. Zippers, straps, and other small parts on your keyboard case are prone to damage.

If those break, you want to be able to get that fixed at little to no cost. So, be sure to check on the warranty for your piano keyboard case.

Does the keyboard case have interior padding?

5 millimeters to 10 millimeters of interior padding is great. It protects your keyboard from getting dents or dings while sitting in checked luggage.

How heavy is the case?

Soft keyboard cases range anywhere from half a pound to a few pounds. Hard keyboard cases can weigh up to 50 pounds or more, and that’s without your keyboard in it!

So, if you are looking to purchase a hard case, remember that although they protect your keyboard wonderfully, they are quite bulky.


That wraps up our guide on bringing piano keyboards on a plane. You can bring a keyboard on a plane or in checked baggage. Be sure to check with your airline to confirm this.

It’s important to invest in a case that will protect your keyboard. Going a little expensive is worth it here, especially if you travel often. Today, softside cases are built with durable fabric and are quite affordable. But if you have the budget for a $200+ hard piano keyboard case, they are the best at protecting your piano keyboard.

Thanks for reading! If you liked this article, check out more of our ‘Can I bring’ series below.

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Can I bring a massage gun on a plane?

Can I bring a massage gun on a plane?

Stack of massage guns

Massage guns have been gaining popularity in the last few years. They provide great relief for your muscles on the go. If you’ve bought one recently to soothe that muscle that never seems to loosen up, you might be wondering: can I bring a massage gun on a plane?

Yes, the TSA allows passengers to bring a massage gun on a plane.

If you’re looking for a massage gun for travel, check out three of the best on the market below. These massage guns are budget-friendly, versatile, and portable, which makes them great for traveling.

Best Massage Guns

These are our personal favorite massage guns. If you want to grab one and go, here are our top three. Keep reading for more information on them.

Prices pulled from the Amazon Product Advertising API on:

Legiral Massage Gun for Athletes

The Legiral Massage Gun for Athletes is easy to use and versatile. It comes with six different massage gun heads, meaning you can reach almost any sore spot you have! The LED controls are easily readable. It only takes a push of the button to adjust the power of your massage gun and get the relief you want.

This massage gun is lightweight, cordless, and rechargeable so you can use it while traveling with ease.

Buy your own Legiral Massage Gun for Athletes at the Amazon link below.

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Sonic LifePro Massage Gun

The Sonic LifePro Massage Gun is a powerful deep tissue massager that is great for athletes. It features five different speeds and eight massage gun heads so you can be sure to find muscle relief.

This massage gun features an exceptionally quiet motor; not only that, but it has up to a six-hour battery life. For those active athletes, you won’t have to worry about keeping this massage gun charged up all the time.

Check out the Sonic LifePro Massage Gun below on Amazon.

Check Price and Reviews on Amazon

FlyBy Massage Gun

The FlyBy Massage Gun is a quiet and versatile massage gun that works for anyone. It offers muscle relief during warm up, cooling down, if you’re just relaxing, or if you need deep tissue treatment.

The brushless motor runs at 40 decibels so you can use this massage gun almost anywhere without disturbing others. It’s incredibly lightweight at just 1.8 pounds, which makes it one of the best options for travel on this list.

The FlyBy massage gun comes with six different massage gun heads so you can treat muscles from your IT band to your glutes, hamstrings, and quads.

Take a look at the FlyBy Massage Gun on Amazon at the button below.

Check Price and Reviews on Amazon

Massage Gun Buyer’s Guide

If you’re unsure about what type of massage gun is right for you, we’ll go over a few things to consider. Here are 10 questions to ask yourself before you pull the trigger on your next massage gun.

How often will you use your massage gun?

Will you be using your massage gun once or twice a week, or are you someone that needs relief every day. Or perhaps you’ll even use it multiple times a day. The more you need to use your massage gun, the more important its portability and battery life are.

You don’t want to have to charge your massage gun after every use. You also want it to be easy to use and move so you can find that instant relief quickly.

How much power do you need?

Are you massaging sensitive muscles, or do you need a massage gun with quite a bit of power to provide relief? Massage guns vary in terms of their power output, so it’s important to find one that has enough power for you. 

Massage Gun Stall Force

If you know that you’ll need an incredibly powerful massage gun, you might want to double-check the stall force. Stall force describes the amount of pressure (usually in pounds) that you can apply to your muscles before the motor of the massage gun stalls.

Typically you’ll be applying a max of around 10 pounds of pressure, and the stall force of most massage guns is more than double or triple that amount. But if you’re going to be doing a lot of powerful massaging, it’s worth looking up the number.

You don’t want a gun that stalls before it gets the job done. Make sure to check out our top picks above for a reliable massage gun. It takes quite a bit to stop them. We know you’ll be happy with them. 

If you get a gun and it stalls out too quickly, return it and get one you will be happy with from the beginning. Don’t try to make one work that you aren’t happy with. Check our reviewed models to get one that won’t stall too soon.

Multiple Speeds

Massage guns also have several different speeds, probably the least important of the three “power” options we have listed here. 

Most massage guns have 3 or 4 speeds which is perfectly adequate for 99% or users

One of my massagers is variable speed and I like being able to dial it in for whatever I am feeling. But my 3-speed thumper works just fine as well. It’s my favorite massager. I haven’t ever used it and wished for more speed options.

Massage Gun Amplitude

Lastly, when determining the amount of power that’s right for you, you’ll want to consider amplitude. The amplitude is the range of motion of the head or how far in and out it travels.

The larger the number, the farther the head travels. It will “hit” you harder if the amplitude is larger. 

If you are the type that likes your massages deep, find a gun that has a larger amplitude and you will be happier with your purchase. Check our suggested models for the best one for you.

Consider if you are an athlete (powerlifting, bodybuilding, crossfit) and/or have deep muscles to work cramps out of. Then, you will for sure want to prioritize that amplitude a little more. 

But, if you are aspiring to get into shape or are just trying to work stress out of your body, you might not need the most powerful massage gun money can buy.

The typical amplitude of massage guns is between 10mm and 20mm, 10mm being a light massage, and 20mm being an intense massage.

What design do you like?

You can find massage guns in all different types of colors on the market today. Every massage gun has a slightly unique handle and grip, but the high-end massage guns are all built for easy use and maneuverability. They’re designed so you can get the muscle relief you need quickly.

Do you need a massage gun that is easily portable?

Some massage guns are heavier than others, so you’ll want to keep this in mind when doing your shopping. If you’re using your massage gun every day or multiple times a day, consider a lightweight gun that’s easy to operate.

Or, if you’re doing a lot of traveling, you’ll love a lightweight massage gun. You might even consider carrying your massage gun on a plane to get some relief on the go. The TSA won’t confiscate your massage gun.

How long is the warranty?

A long warranty is a great bonus to have with your massage gun. It’s especially important if you’ll use your massage gun often, and it may endure some wear and tear early on. That way, if anything breaks you can get a replacement without having to pay a pretty penny. Check the product details or call the manufacturer to learn more about the warranty of your massage gun.

What is your budget?

On the low end, you can find massage guns between $30 and $50. Any lower than that and you probably won’t get the quality you need. On the high end, you can find professional massage guns above $300. A reliable mid range massage gun costs between $100 and $150. A massage gun in this range will satisfy most customers and last for years.

Are you bothered by noise?

Depending on the amount of power you’re looking for in your massage gun, you might want to pay attention to the decibel rating of the gun. Quiet massage guns tend to be around 30-40 dB. Cheaper massage guns may be built with cheaper motors, which means they’ll be louder. So be mindful of that when doing your shopping.

What part of the body will you massage?

Will you massage small muscle groups that are hard to get to? Are you mainly trying to get relief for your quads, glutes, and back? Or, are you looking for a massage gun that does a little of everything?

If you want to massage a lot of different muscle groups, consider a massage gun with a lot of different heads or attachments. Each head is designed for a specific muscle group like your IT band, shoulder, quad, or hamstring.

That wraps up our massage gun buyer’s guide! Hopefully these tips were helpful for you as you look for a  massage gun that provides you with great relief!

If you liked this article, check out more at the links below.

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